This is the next in my series of Mug Rug tutorials - perfect for Valentines Day or a Wedding Anniversary (like mine - our anniversary is in less than a week - my husband asked if this was his anniversary present).
This is using the hexagon shaped mug rug base from another tutorial (I said I would be having more tutorials for that shape) - Hexagon Shaped Mug Rug Tutorial.
I used a 5" radius for this hexagon, the finished mug rug is 10" point to point and about 8.5" straight edge to straight edge.
This is the most simple appliqué, and any size or shape base will work.
I have learned that the invisible machine appliqué technique stands up to repeated washings and scrubbings, which can't be said for every appliqué technique - this is a mug rug after all, and tends to get spilled on.
To make a mug rug like mine you will need about a 11" square of background fabric, 1.5" strips of fabric for the binding (2 strips across the width of a fat quarter worked for me), and a few assorted scraps of fabric for the appliqué. As well as the invisible machine appliqué necessities - freezer paper (from the grocery store), glue stick glue (just paper one is fine), Roxanne Glue Baste or liquid white glue,
100wt thread to match the appliqué fabric (I used Invisafil by Wonderfil), or polyester invisible thread.
I cut out the background fabric slightly larger than the finished shaped to allow for any shrinkage during machine quilting.
For the Appliqué -
I cut out heart shapes from 2 pieces of 4" square freezer paper folded in half (mine were cut out at the same time, but different shaped hearts would be nice too).
I also cut out 3 freezer paper circles - I drew out one circle on the freezer paper, it is about 1" (traced around an old spool, a coin, a circle template...), stapled it together with two other pieces of freezer paper and cut out 3 matching circles.
Preparation of the Appliqué Pieces -
This is the most important part of the process, and really effects how the finished product will look.
The seam allowance for the appliqué needs to be pressed to the waxy side of the freezer paper, so I like to baste a little gathering stitch around any curves - tiny stitches make smoother curves.
I stitched around the curves on the hearts and all the circles.
I use the tip of a hot iron, with no steam, to press the seam allowances, and a pressing board that is very hard (no padding).
I like to press the points first,
add a bit of glue stick glue,
and fold the rest of the point to create a crisp corner.
The top of the heart needs to be clipped almost to the paper. Extra machine stitches should be added in this area too when attaching the appliqué to the background.
For the circles I like to pull the gathering stitches tight,
press the opposite side from the gathering thread ends,
and then press all around the circle.
Make sure to clip the gathering thread ends so they don't get caught and pull the seam allowance off the wax.
Once you decide glue the pieces to the background with small dots of liquid glue (Glue Baste). If any pieces overlap the bottom ones will need to be stitched down first and the paper removed before adding the next piece. I opted for a simple one layer of appliqué, and glued all the pieces at once.
I pinned the hearts first and lifted the edges to add the glue.
The circles were easier to glue.
Once everything is glued, I like to weight it down to set while I get my sewing machine ready.
This technique uses a very small zig-zag stitch - I use a shorter than normal stitch length and just 'off the straight' for the stitch width. The tension is also adjusted (loosened I believe) so that the top thread is drawn slightly to the bottom.
Especially with 100 weight thread, the stitches really do become invisible.
I use an open toe embroidery foot. The bobbin thread is just regular sewing machine thread to match the background.
Once all the stitching is complete,
the fabric behind the appliqué needs to be cut out, leaving a large 1/4" seam allowance.
Then the freezer paper can be removed (tweezers help with the little pieces).
I like to use a bit of spray starch for the final pressing, and the pieces is ready for embellishment.
I decided to add some decorative machine stitching around the hearts just because I never use those stitches.
Since I decided to add a bit of machine embroidery around the hearts I added a bit of interfacing on the back as a stabilizer.
I used a heavy weight variegated thread and a top stitching needle in the machine.
After stitching I cut away all the interfacing in the back because I did not want it to affect the quilting.
For the free motion machine quilting I outlined the shapes, chose parallel lines (straight and curved) for the bulk of the quilting and swirls in the circles. I always like to try something new for a project and since I struggle to use striped fabric I decided to use some for a heart - I really like how it looks after quilting (and I learned that I really can't follow lines!).
I used 100wt thread (Invisafil) for the quilting, and 2 layers of batting (one silk and one wool because that is what I have scraps of). With heavy quilting it came out nice and flat.
After quilting I cut the shape out and applied the 1.5" binding as shown in the hexagon shaped mug rug tutorial.
My Mother made a log cabin table mat from my last tutorial! With simple walking foot quilting and no appliqué it looks beautiful.
Have a great day and thanks for stopping by!♥︎